|Andamans & Nicobar group of islands are located in the Bay of Bengal, this group of 572 islands lies 193 km away from Cape Negrais in Myanmar, 1255 km from Calcutta, and 1190 km from Chennai. The two important groups of islets are Ritchie’s Archipelago and Labyrinth Islands. The Nicobar Islands are located to the south of the Andamans, 121 km from the Little Andaman Island. Of the total 572 islands, only 36 islands are inhabited. The Islands are located between the latitudes 6° to 14° North and longitudes 92° to 94° East.
The Islands are formed by a submarine mountain range, which separates the Bay of Bengal from the Andaman Sea. The islands attain maximum altitude at Saddle Peak (730 m), formed mainly of limestone, sandstone, and clay.
The islands have a tropical climate. There is medium to heavy rain during the monsoon, in the months from May to mid September and November to mid December. There is no extreme climate except rains and tropical storms in late summer often cause heavy damage. The canopied rain forests of the islands harbor 3,000 species of plants including mangroves, epiphytes (130 ferns, 100 orchids), palms, woody climbers, timbers (teak, mahogany, Andaman paduk) and a wide variety of tropical fruits. Marine fauna is diverse including a wide variety of tropical fish and coral.Considering the diversity and uniqueness of fauna and flora and the fragile nature of the eco-system here, 96 sanctuaries spread over 466.218 sq km and nine National Parks spread over 1153.938 sq km have been notified on these islands It is also the home 220 species of birds with 11 endemic birds in Andaman Islands and 5 at Nicobar Islands and one at Narcondam Islands. Most birding can be down at South Andaman.
Chiria Tapu, which means bird island and has some reasonable forest along the beach. Mt Harriet, a superb dense evergreen & semi evergreen rainforest that holds most of the endemics.Sippighat a place of marsh & tidal creeks is good for the waders & White-bellied Sea Eagles. Birds to look out for are White-bellied Sea Eagle; Andaman Serpent Eagle; Crested Serpent Eagle S. c. davisoni Andaman Wood Pigeon; Andaman Cuckoo-dove; Long-tailed Parakeet Vernal Hanging Parrot; Brown Coucal; Andaman Scops Owl; (Hume’s) Brown Hawk Owl N. (s.) obscura; Andaman Hawk Owl; Glossy Swiftlet; Edible-nest Swiftlet; Brown-backed Needletail; Blue-tailed Bee-eater; Black-capped Kingfisher; Andaman Woodpecker; Forest Wagtail; (Andaman) Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike C. (s.) dobsoni (Andaman), Black-headed Bulbul P. (a.) fuscoflavescens; (Andaman) White-rumped Shama C. m. albiventris; Asian Brown Flycatcher; Olive-backed Sunbird; Black-naped Oriole; Brown Shrike L. c. lucionensis ; Andaman Drongo; White-breasted Woodswallow; Andaman Treepie; Hill Myna; White-headed Starling; Andaman Pacific Reef Egret; Pacific Golden Plover; Lesser Sand Plover; Greater Sand Plover; Bar-tailed Godwit; Red-necked Stint; Long-toed Stint; Curlew Sandpiper; Broad-billed Sandpiper; Pacific (House) Swallow; Asian Glossy Starling; Black Baz.
4 to 5 days in Andaman will cover all of 11 endemics plus others species of interest.
Accommodation in Government Tourist Lodges & Private Hotels