Meghalaya is a small North-east Indian state sandwiched between Assam & Bangladesh “Meghalaya” means “The Abode of Clouds” Sanskrit. It is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long (east-west) and 100 km wide, with a total area of about 22,429 km
2. The capital is situated at the hilly Shillong (4 hrs drive from Guwahati).
Geographically, the State of Meghalaya is also known as the “Meghalaya Plateau”. It consists mainly of archean rock formations. Meghalaya has many rivers. Most of these are rainfed and are therefore seasonal. The important rivers in the Garo Hills Region are Daring, Sanda, Bandra, Bhogai, Dareng and Simsang, Nitai and the Bhupai. In the central and eastern section of the plateau the important rivers are Umkhri, Digaru, Umiam, Kynchiang (Jadukata), Mawpa, Umiew or Barapani, Myngot and Myntdu. In the southern Khasi Hills Region, these rivers have created deep gorges and some of the most beautiful waterfalls. The climate of Meghalaya is moderate but humid. With average annual rainfall as high as 1200 cm in some areas, Meghalaya is the wettest state of India. The Shillong area, with the highest elevations, experiences generally low temperatures. The maximum temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28 degrees, whereas winters temperatures of sub-zero degrees are common. The town of Cherrapunji in the Khasi Hills south of capital Shillong holds the world record for most rain in a calendar month.About one third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its montane forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.
The best birding is done around Shillong, Cherrapunji, Mawflong and Mwasynram with its specialties like Dark Rumped Swifts, Grey Sibia, Long-tailed & Tawny-breasted Wren-Babblers, and Crested Finchbills etc. More exploratory birding is possible at Garo Hills to areas like Nongkhylem & Nokrek.
This place is usually combined with Assam visit.