West Bengal (Bengali: Poshchimbongo) sharing its borders with Bangladesh on its east, forms the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. To its northeast lie the states of Assam and Sikkim and the country Bhutan, and to its southwest, the state of Orissa. To the west it borders the state of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest, Nepal.
The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres. The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state belongs to the eastern Himalaya. The narrow Terai or Duars region separates this region from the plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. A small coastal region is on the extreme south, while the Sundarban mangrove forests form a remarkable geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.
The Ganges is the main river, which divides in West Bengal. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. The Ganges delta and the Sundarban area have numerous rivers and creeks.
West Bengal’s climate varies from tropical savannah in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. The main seasons are summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter. In early summer brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor’westers, often occur. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. Winter (December–January) is mild over the plains with average minimum temperatures of 15 °C (59 °F). However, the Darjeeling Himalayan Hill region experiences a harsh winter, with occasional snowfall at places.
Due to the great variation in altitude , the state has diverse flora and fauna. Forests make up 14% of its geographical area. West Bengal as a whole offers an astounding 820 species of birds.North West Bengal
- Singalila National Park
Singalila National Park or The Sandakphu Trek as popularly known is situated on the northwestern corner of West Bengal.
- Darjeeling and Tiger Hill
Very few people are unaware of Darjeeling, thanks to its famous tea. It is also excellent for its birds. Tiger Hill situated at 2590 mts has an excellent view of the world’s third highest mountain the Kanchenjungha massif.
- Lava & Neora Valley National Park
Lava and the Neora Valley National Park are birders’ paradise is also situated in North of West Bengal near Kalimpong. Some of India most sought after birds are found here.
Duars or the gateway to the hills of Nepal and Bhutan and northeast India is the area where Gorumara National Park and Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary is located in West Bengal
South West Bengal
- Sundarban Tiger Reserve
The entire Sundarban, covering some 10,000 sq. km of mangrove forest and water (of which some 40% is in India and the rest in Bangladesh), is part of the world’s largest delta (80,000 sq. km). Around 230 odd species found in the reserve which are a great attraction to this very special habitat